Plant profile


Well, tomato is the one which belongs to the nightshade family and which is not able to be classified easily by people. Is it a fruit or a vegetable? There is a common misconception which most people in the world have about tomatoes: they are vegetables. Even our friend ‘’Annoying Orange” got confused about it. Tomatoes are in fact fruits even though we can find them in veggie’s section in a supermarket. But their affinity with other savory ingredients means that they are usually classified as vegetables.

Tomatoes were discovered in western South America, then crossed the Atlantic Ocean to Spain. It took some time to be accepted by people, because they were thought to be poisonous like other members of the nightshade family (potatoes and eggplants).

The cultivation of tomatoes has started in around 19th century in the northern Europe. Nowadays, numerous varieties of tomatoes are widely grown in temperate climates across the world, with greenhouses allowing its production throughout the year and in cooler areas. Obviously, this is one of the most important and irreplaceable ingredient. that people can use in many recipes. It is completely edible except the leaves; you have to discard it as they are toxic.

There are plenty of varieties of tomatoes. They range widely in size, shape, color, plant type, disease resistance and season of maturity. You can find almost thousands different kind of tomatoes: beefsteak, salad, cherry, plum, green and etc.

Beefsteak: these are the biggest tomatoes, and have a meaty texture with a sweet, mellow flavor. They are good for salads, grilling or stuffing.

Salad (or round): this is the traditional British tomato and really needs to be ripe to get the best flavor.

Cherry: small and very sweet, cherry tomatoes are more experience than salad tomatoes but their intense flavor is worth the extra cash. They are good in salads, pasta sauces or roasted.

Plum: Available as a baby or full-grown tomato, plum tomatoes have an oval shape, with a rich flavor and comparatively few seeds. Good for making sauces.

Green: there are two types of green tomato. One is unripe, and is quite tart but good for fried.

Yellow: these ripen to a golden yellow color, and are good in salads and salsas.

The tomato is now grown and eaten around the world. You can find them in countless different foods, including pastas, pizzas, ketchup, various beverages, and as an included flavor element in dishes from breakfast to dinner. Unripe green tomatoes can also be breaded and fried, used to make salsa, or pickled. Tomato juice is sold as a drink, and is used in cocktails such as the Bloody Mary.

To sum up briefly the health benefits of tomatoes, include improved eye sight, good stomach health, and reduced blood pressure, as well as relief from diabetes, skin problems and urinary tract infections. Daily consumption of tomatoes provides a great boost to health, along with improving the flavor of food. So boost your health with tomato!

Written by

Oguzhan Kamberoglu, YEE intern


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